logo

chinaberry

Melia azedarach L.

USDA PLANTS Symbol: MEAZ
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Tree


Synonym(s): Chinaberrytree, Persian lilac, pride-of-India, chinaberry, umbrella tree

Appearance
Melia azedarach is a deciduous tree growing to 50 ft. (15.2 m) in height and 2 ft. (0.6 m) in diameter.
Foliage
The leaves are alternate, bi-pinnately compound, 1-2 ft. (0.3-0.6 m) in length and turn golden-yellow in fall.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in the spring, when showy, lavender, 5-petaled flowers develop in panicles.
Fruit
Fruit are hard, yellow, marble-sized, stalked berries that can be dangerous on sidewalks and other walkways. Seeds are spread by birds.
Ecological Threat
Melia azedarach invades disturbed areas and is commonly found along roads and forest edges. It has the potential to grow in dense thickets, restricting the growth of native vegetation. Melia azedarach is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It was introduced into the United States in the mid 1800s for ornamental purposes.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Images, Video and Information - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests - USDA Forest Service
Florida National Forests Invasive Plant Series - USDA Forest Service
Element Stewardship Abstract - The Nature Conservancy
Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service
Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas - University of Florida
Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants