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golden bamboo

Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière

USDA PLANTS Symbol: PHAU8
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub Subshrub


Appearance
Phyllostachys aurea is a perennial, reed-like plant that can reach heights of 16-40 ft. (5-12 m). The canes (stems) are hollow with solid joints and can be 1-6 in. (2.5-15.2 cm) in diameter.
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, 3-10 in. (7.6-25.4 cm) long and 0.25-0.75 in. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide.
Flowers
Flowering is very rare (maybe once every 7 to 12 years).
Fruit
Plants spread by rhizomes.
Ecological Threat
Infestations are commonly found around old homesites and can rapidly expand in size. Phyllostachys aurea can form dense, monocultural thickets that displace native species. Once this plant is established, it is difficult to remove. It is native to China and was first introduced into the United States in 1882 for ornamental purposes.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests - USDA Forest Service
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - SE-EPPC
Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas - National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service
Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants