logo

Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.

USDA PLANTS Symbol: POTR4
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub Tree


Synonym(s): hardy orange

Trifoliate orange is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows from 8-30 ft. (2.4-9.1 m) in height. The leaves are alternate, compound (trifoliate), up to 2 in. (5.1 cm) long and have a winged petiole. The twigs are green with stout, 1 in. (2.5 cm) long thorns. The bark is conspicuously green-striped. Spring flowers are white, 5-petaled, 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) in diameter and showy. Fruit is a 1.5-2 in. (3.8-5.1 cm) diameter, dull yellow, sticky orange (berry). Trifoliate orange invades woodlands, forest edges, fence rows and urban green spaces.