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tropical soda apple

Solanum viarum Dunal

USDA PLANTS Symbol: SOVI2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub


Appearance
Solanum viarum is a perennial, shrubby forb that is on the Federal Noxious Weed list. Plants grow to 6 ft. (1.8 m) in height and width.
Foliage
Leaves are broad, 6-8 in. (15.2-20.3 cm) long, 2-6 in. (5.1-15.2 cm) wide, hairy and resemble fig or oak leaves. The entire plant is loaded with 0.75 in. (1.9 cm), straight prickles.
Flowers
Flowering occurs year-round, with most reproduction occurring from September to May. White, 5-petaled flowers grow, in clusters, under the leaves.
Fruit
Fruit are 1 in. (2.5 cm) in diameter and resemble a watermelon.
Ecological Threat
Solanum viarum invades pastures, fields, and parks, but also has the potential to invade open forest and other natural areas. This plant forms thick stands that can be impenetrable to livestock, large wildlife, and humans.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
Poster - Georgia Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey
Regional Tropcial Soda Apple Task Force -
Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests - USDA Forest Service
Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States - USDA Forest Service
Domestic Programs Pest Evaluation - USDA APHIS PPQ
Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - USDA-APHIS
Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service